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Valuable Antiques References to Save You time

This page last updated January 19, 2018.

The following links all deal with identifying or dating antiques and are not in any way affiliated with MFAS Marketing LLC unless specifically mentioned.

China and Glass


An Extensive Guide to Pottery and China Marks [free] - With detailed information on all kinds of antique china, pottery marks, porcelain marks, antiques and collectables. Antique Marks includes antique terms, a full antiques glossary and detailed history on well known companies and artist biographies.  As well as pottery & porcelain companies and information on caring for antique rugs, carpets, silver and glass.

Chinese Porcelain Marks - A publication of, this marks section right now illustrates close to 1,500 porcelain marks. In the navigation panel to the left you will the main groups and within the pages further links to even more sections where similar marks of a certain kind might be grouped. Whenever possible each mark also have a link to a larger picture of the piece the mark was found on, and the mark itself.

Antique Chinese and Japanese Reference - Welcome to the Gotheborg Antique Chinese and Japanese Porcelain Collectors' page. Thousand of pages of free help and information, about 1,500 translated and dated Japanese and Chinese porcelain marks, a glossary with almost 800 Pottery and Porcelain terms, articles and translated documents on Chinese porcelain history, Chinese travelogues, extensive Question & Answer pages.

Understanding Chinese Reign Marks, Getting Started - Specialist Kate Hunt, Head of Sale for Chinese Works of Art at Christie’s South Kensington, offers an extensive guide to reign marks, what they reveal about emperors and dynasties, and how to tell fakes from ‘apocryphal’ marks

North Staffordshire Pottery Marks
Dating Wedgwood

A guide to dating Wedgwood ceramics over the last 250 years

Dating old pottery is difficult - especially one that has been in operation for over 200 years such as Wedgwood.

Manufacturers were not overly concerned about sticking to 'rules' and would interchange marks - using different marks at the same time and using old batches later in the production runs.

This information has been culled from a number of sources - it is given in good faith and believed to be reasonably correct - however if you are going to use it for the basis of valuations, purchases or sales then you must verify it from independent, qualified sources.

German and Other Porcelain Marks

Most content on this site is free of charge for everybody, however some entries are not accessible for normal visitors. Those files blocked from public viewing are either pages that required far more owner research than usual or contain information that I myself had to pay for. 

Instead of introducing a pay-per-page model I took the 'full membership' approach, meaning that site members receive access to *all* pages listed on this site. An additional feature planned for the future will include special entries that are normally not visible at all, for example a stand-alone Villeroy & Boch dating table.

The amount stated below covers a 12 month membership (US$ 4.00 per month), you pay once and are granted access for a year.

International Perfume Bottle Museum

Joining IPBA puts you in touch with approximately 1000 people who share your passion: Collecting perfume and scent bottles!

Our annual membership term runs from July 1st through June 30th each year.

Click Here to Join IPBA Now!

(Clicking on the title icon takes you to, with whom we are affiliated,)

This richly illustrated book showcases a previously unseen and virtually unknown historical collection of Chinese ceramics, formed in the early twentieth century by George Eumorfopoulos, a pivotal figure in the appreciation of Asian art. Taken together, these artifacts, now located at the Benaki Museum in Athens, Greece, build a rare time capsule of Western tastes and preoccupations with the East in the decades prior to World War II.

This is an expansive introduction to the popular ceramics produced by the prolific Hall China Company of East Liverpool, Ohio, beginning in 1903. Over 600 brilliant color photographs display these popular pottery wares, ranging from coffee pots and mixing bowls to refrigerator wares and teapots, in both solid color glazes and beautiful decorations including Autumn Leaf, Crocus, Silhouette, and many more. A history of the company, manufacturer's marks, an extensive bibliography, an index, and current market values are included in this fascinating study of one of America's most prolific pottery companies. This book is a must for every collector of twentieth century ceramics.

In this study, Emily Byrne Curtis explores as her subject lenses, spectacles, aventurine glass, and windows found in China from the sixteenth century. She traces their technological development back to the glassworks in Murano, Venice, and explores their significance in terms of Venice's commerce with China. Because glassware also figured among the gifts which three papal legates from the Vatican presented to the Kangxi and Yongzheng emperors, the author examines many documents from the archives in Rome and the Vatican; the study therefore touches, to an extent, on the history of the Catholic Church in China. Curtis also discusses in the volume some contemporary Chinese references and verses to European glassware, and in the case of enamel materials, she discloses the pronounced effect their use had upon the decor of Chinese porcelains.

Three of the most collectible lines of vintage dinnerware are thoroughly explored in this major work written by expert collectors. Colorful Fiesta, Harlequin, and Kitchen Kraft sets made since 1936 by The Homer Laughlin China Company are shown in 592 color photographs and detailed measured drawings along with extensive analysis of the shapes, marks, production methods, and decorations. Their enormous popularity, originally and now, has made these dinnerware lines familiar to four generations of Americans, and this reference will link them with collectors, dealers, and users long into the future.

This bright and colorful guide presents a sweeping survey of the Homer Laughlin China Company's most popular dinnerware-Fiesta Ware. These brilliantly colored, inexpensive dishes helped brighten The Depression when they were introduced in 1936, and are avidly collected today. Hundreds of color photographs chronicle Fiesta's many forms, from the most common to much sought-after rarities, and the dazzling spectrum of glaze colors which adorn them. Also included in the text is a history of the Homer Laughlin Company and examples of their manufacturer's marks. Updated values are provided for the various wares, along with an index and bibliography.

Rosalie Wise Sharp has been collecting porcelain for over half a century, and in that time has amassed one of the most comprehensive collections in the world. With this first lavishly produced catalogue, Sharp shares over 1000 pieces from her porcelain collection, illustrated in stunning full-colour photos, and accompanied by provenance, fascinating historical connections, and personal anecdotes.

With China to Light Up a House, Rosalie Wise Sharp throws open the doors of her home to share her passion for porcelain and her singular, museum-worthy collection.

This lavishly illustrated catalogue is a comprehensive historical review of Chinese ceramics covering newly excavated discoveries from the Paleolithic era thousands of years ago to the end of the Qing dynasty in 1911. Throughout China’s history there has been an ongoing practice of invention and innovation in the forms, materials, decorations, and functions of ceramics made in China, both for the domestic market and for its ever-growing trade with foreign markets. The creation of ceramic ware holds a special and very important place among the many arts and inventions that characterize Chinese culture, society, and civilization.

The product of a ten-year collaboration among eminent American, Chinese, and Japanese scholars, Chinese Ceramics offers a new perspective in interpreting the oldest and one of the most admired Chinese art forms, from its technological aspects to its aesthetic value.

Over 400 color photos display the elegant Haviland porcelain table wares of the Victorian period. The history of Haviland production, its decoration patterns cataloged with Schleiger numbers, and a list of back stamps are also included.

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Dovetails - A Clue for Dating Furniture - This article on the Harp Gallery site is very informative. Dovetail joints often hold two boards together in a box or drawer, almost like interlocking the fingertips of your hands. As the dovetail joint evolved through the last one hundred thirty years, it becomes a clue for the age and authenticity of antique furniture.

Connected Lines

A Furniture Style Guide - provides The Furniture Style Guide which describes and dates nineteen popular furniture styles and their distinctive components.  


Christophe Pourny learned the art of furniture restoration in his father’s atelier in the South of France. In this, his first book, he teaches readers everything they need to know about the provenance and history of furniture, as well as how to restore, update, and care for their furniture―from antiques to midcentury pieces, family heirlooms or funky flea-market finds. The heart of the book is an overview of Pourny’s favorite techniques―ceruse, vernis anglais,and water gilding, among many others―with full-color step-by-step photographs to ensure that readers can easily replicate each refinishing technique at home.

A completely revised edition, covering every period and development to the present, the designers and makers, the woods and other materials, the architecture and decoration. 2,000 photographs. Glossary. Bibliography. Index.

In a comprehensive listing of entries from "Aalto, Hugo Alvar Henrik" to "Zui Weng Yi," Boyce illuminates readers about furniture styles, construction details, terminology, furniture designers, and design movements throughout history and throughout the world. Styles covered include European-inspired classical, baroque, pop, rococo, and modernist. This extensive guide will be helpful for furniture enthusiasts, historians, and those interested in redecorating their homes.

" The entire story of furniture is presented as it never has been before. Written with great verve and in a highly accessible style, The History of Furniture conveys a vast knowledge of history and design with stunning intellectual clarity. In surveying the development of furniture from antiquity to the present day, John Morley focuses on the Western traditions, but he includes the outside influences of China and Japan, India, Egypt, and Africa. His bravura analysis reveals connections between pieces of furniture, such as the direct line from antiquity to a neoclassical French commode, a Biedermeier dressing table, and a twentieth-century bois clair cocktail cabinet.

The story is shaped by a conflict between "classical" and "anti-classical," order and fantasy, and includes the wild extravagances of exotic styles. We see how the simple challenge of making a chair to sit on could generate a huge variety of forms, depending not only on changing fashion in interiors, as well as motifs, ornaments, and ideas from the worlds of politics, religion, architecture, and the fine arts. Works by famous designers-Boulle, Chippendale, Riesener, Makintosh, Eames-appear clearly in the context of the stylish ideals of their times, and nearly 700 illustrations are closely integrated into the text.

The result is not only an essential reference tool for everyone concerned with collecting, selling, or studying furniture and the decorative arts but also a tour de force of scholarship that will enthrall anyone with the least interest in the traditions of Western culture."

French furniture design has been wildly admired, emulated and collected throughout the world for centuries. Filled with 750 line drawings and brief descriptive definitions, "French Furniture" details the salient characteristics that define styles of French furniture from the 16th century, age of Louis XIII, to the end of the 20th century. Small differences in the shapes of the legs, arms or distinctive decorative carvings can make big differences in identifying the style of a piece of furniture. This reference work is suitable for carrying along on shopping or museum trips. It should also be useful for designers and for auction-goers or collectors of antiques.

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Jewelry Maker's Marks - A very extensive reference for makers worldwide

Heritage Auction Jewelry Maker Database - An extensive database with photo illustrations of marks. Some of the photos are hard to decifer, but still an useful resource.

Tiffany Maker's Date Marks

A Handy Purity Chart


For three decades, "Answers to Questions About Old Jewelry" has served as the most respected and authoritative reference to the subject of vintage jewelry on the market. The new edition (2014) of this timeless classic finds acclaimed jewelry expert C. Jeanenne Bell at her best sharing her impressive understanding of the subject with unbridled passion for her life-long pursuit.

The revised and expanded second edition of this beautiful, popular, and easy-to-follow book is a thorough reference to antique and period jewelry, created over a 200-year period, in Canada, Europe, the United Kingdom, and the United States. It presents the changes in construction techniques and jewelry styles through over 680 color photographs, including over 190 new images, with clear descriptions and explanations.

Do not surrender good jewelry to the gold buyers! Written with heart and humor, this sassy little book explains how to sell vintage and gold jewelry on eBay for top dollar. Since success can lead to obsession, the author explains how to buy online to resell online. Explanations of the entire process are peppered with the author's real world wins and woes. Micki Suzanne is a freelance marketing writer and lifetime collector who has owned her own brick and mortar antique shop.

Collectible Costume Jewelry simplifies the understanding of historical and social influences which will aid in identification. All the major designers and manufacturers like Haskell, Coro, Eisenberg, and Trifari are featured. There are dates given and examples of the jewelry for which the designer/manufacturer is best known. A time chart shows what was in style during each period of time as do the fascinating vintage ads. There are examples from the Victorian era to the present, even featuring recent pieces by designers such as Anne Klein and Joan Rivers. There is a helpful glossary of jewelry terms with picture examples. Nearly 600 full-color pictures arranged by subjects. Current values, marks, and detailed descriptions. 2005 values.

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American cast iron makers marks with dates of manufacture..

Chinese Export Silver Makers Marks  at This website has extensive data on Chinese makers as well as other marks worldwide. The marks are well illustrated.

A Guide to World Silver Hallmarks - Also at Extensive listing with good illustrations of marks.

Hallmark Research Institute (Links) - Further references for more extensive research on precious metals research.

The Humble Nail - A Key to Unlock the Past. An article in The Harp Gallery by Ken Melcher outlining  the history of the nail as a fastener.




Antique Padlock Price Guide - A very thorough compendium of prices realized, Also useful for identification.

A Brief History of the Hinge


Farm Collector Magazine - Founded in 1951, this monthly magazine provides a wealth of information for all collectors of farm related machines and implements. If you have an interest in farm tool history, you will find the $24.95 subscription a good investment.

Toys and Dolls


American Doll Makers - 1796+

Antique China Dolls - Dating and detecting repros.

Japanese Tin Toy Makers Directory - Very useful, but a little confusing to use.


U. S. Patent Numbers and Corresponding Dates

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Subjects on This Page

China & Glass
Toys & Dolls
U. S. Patent Dates and Numbers